Forces Motion & Energy MS-PS2-2: 5E NGSS Activity Close Reading & Notes CER


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This product will WOW your students and challenge them! It’s NGSS aligned, it’s a rigorous 2 day block period 5E and relatively easy prep! I also include 8 pages of very detailed notes, a key and my email if you have any questions. Read below for the details.

The following concepts are included:


-Kinetic Energy

-Potential Energy

-Energy Transfer





– Gravitational Potential Energy

– Energy of Position and Motion

-Chemical Potential Energy

-Elastic Energy

NGSS Standards:

Science and Engineering Practices

Developing and Using Models

Modeling in 6–8 builds on K–5 experiences and progresses to developing, using, and revising models to describe, test, and predict more abstract phenomena and design systems. Develop a model to describe unobservable mechanisms. (MS-PS3-2)

Analyzing and Interpreting Data

Engaging in Argument from Evidence


PS3.A: Definitions of Energy

Motion energy is properly called kinetic energy; it is proportional to the mass of the moving object and grows with the square of its speed. (MS-PS3-1)

A system of objects may also contain stored (potential) energy, depending on their relative positions. (MS-PS3-2), When the motion energy of an object changes, there is inevitably some other change in energy at the same time. (MS-PS3-5)

PS3.C: Relationship Between Energy and Forces

When two objects interact, each one exerts a force on the other that can cause energy to be transferred to or from the object. (MS-PS3-2)

Cross Cutting Concepts

Scale, Proportion, and Quantity

Proportional relationships (e.g. speed as the ratio of distance traveled to time taken) among different types of quantities provide information about the magnitude of properties and processes.(MS-PS3-1), (MS-PS3-4)

Systems and System Models

Models can be used to represent systems and their interactions—such as inputs, processes and outputs—and energy and matter flows within systems. (MS-PS3-2)

Energy and Matter

The transfer of energy can be tracked as energy flows through a designed or natural system. (MS-PS3-3)

Energy may take different forms (e.g. energy in fields, thermal energy, energy of motion). (MS-PS3)


Engage: (5 mins) I have the students individually watch the YouTube clip “Science of Golf: Potential and Kinetic Energy” on either my computer or their own devices. They fill in the cloze notes using a word bank.

Explore-1: (20mins) After they finish the cloze notes, we move on to the close reading and then The students individually experiment with the simulation and eventually calculate Momentum. We then discuss the calculations and go over those answers. This will then segue into the Collision Lab in

Explore-2: (10mins modeling lab, 5 mins discussing student’s hypothesis and 20 mins doing lab)

Explain: (15 minutes) Students revise their NGSS models of the hands-on lab

Evaluate: (20 minutes) Students answer challenging and rigorous questions.

Extend: (20 minutes) Students do a Claim Evidence Reasoning graphic organizer for the physics of car crashes.

Extra Credit Challenge Option: Students calculate Kinetic Energy.


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